Frequent question: Can EMTs use naloxone?

We just wanted to clarify that the only route an EMT can provide naloxone (Narcan) is via the intranasal route. EMT/BLS providers can obtain the naloxone (Narcan) from the IV box, drug box or Revive kit to administer it.

Do all EMTs have naloxone?

As part of the health care process, dispatched EMS personnel routinely use naloxone in efforts to save lives at the scene of injury. However, EMT-basic providers are prohibited from administering naloxone in most states.

What are the contraindications for the use of naloxone for EMTs?

Naloxone is contraindicated in patients known to be hypersensitive to it. Use with extreme caution in narcotic-dependent patients who may experience withdrawal syndrome (including neonates of narcotic-dependent mothers). Is incompatible with bisulfite and with alkaline solutions.

Can first responders administer naloxone?

There are both branded and generic versions of auto- injector devices that deliver naloxone with the generic prices significantly reduced for first responders and government entities. This manner of administration can be rapidly and safely used by both professionals and the general public.

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Does EMS carry Narcan?

Twenty-four states legally allow intermediate EMS (AEMT and EMT-I) and paramedics to carry and administer naloxone. Five states allow all levels of EMS aside from EMR to carry and administer naloxone, and 19 states allow all levels of first responders to carry and dispense the drug.

What medicines can an EMT administer?

Medications authorized for administration by EMTs are:

  • Activated Charcoal.
  • Albuterol.
  • Aspirin.
  • Epinephrine, 1:1,000 via EpiPen® or vial.
  • Nitroglycerin (Tablet or Spray)
  • Oral Glucose Gel.
  • Oxygen.
  • Tylenol.

Why do EMTs give Narcan?

The use of naloxone is indicated in any person who is unresponsive and thought to be or known to be experiencing opioid overdose. If opioid overdose is not known but is possible, naloxone administration is still indicated.

What are the indications of naloxone?

NARCAN (naloxone) is indicated for the complete or partial reversal of opioid depression, including respiratory depression, induced by natural and synthetic opioids, including propoxyphene, methadone and certain mixed agonist-antagonist analgesics: nalbuphine, pentazocine, butorphanol, and cyclazocine.

Is epinephrine and Narcan the same thing?

Epinephrine injectors, or EpiPens, are used to fight allergic reactions and cardiac arrest. The medicine costs five times as much as naloxone, or Narcan, the drug used to revive someone from an opioid overdose.

When should naloxone be administered?

Naloxone should be given to any person who shows signs of an opioid overdose or when an overdose is suspected. Naloxone can be given as a nasal spray or it can be injected into the muscle, under the skin, or into the veins.

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Which states have naloxone standing order?

State Naloxone Access Laws

  • Eight states—California, Kentucky, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington state allow this.
  • States can also remove criminal or civil penalties for individuals who possess naloxone without a prescription (California State Board of Pharmacy, 2015).

How do you distribute naloxone?

​​​Naloxone Distribution Project

All NDP applicants must submit a prescription or standing order for naloxone. If your organization does not have a standing order, one can be obtained from the California Department of Public Health’s website. When you submit your request for a Standing Order to Dept.

Does Narcan help with Covid?

If you suspect an individual is experiencing an overdose, naloxone should be administered without delay. While there is some risk of transmitting or contracting COVID-19 or any other viral infection, the priority should be to prevent a fatal overdose.

When did paramedics start carrying Narcan?

First synthesized in 1961, naloxone was approved for use in 1971 as an opioid reversal agent, and EMS practitioners began administering naloxone shortly thereafter (11. National training course, emergency medical technician, paramedic, instructor’s lesson plans, Vol. 16.

What happens when you give Narcan to someone who doesn’t need it?

What effect does Narcan have on someone who doesn’t need it? Narcan won’t have any effect on someone who doesn’t need it (someone who is sober from opioids). So it’s safe to give someone Narcan if you think they may have overdosed on opioids but aren’t sure.

Can EMTs administer Narcan in California?

— A new state mandate requires emergency medical technicians to receive advanced training that brings them closer to the skill level of paramedics. The training will enable California EMTs to administer and use naloxone, epinephrine and a glucometer, according to the California Emergency Medical Services Authority.

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