What is the most frequently used drug in a medical emergency?

Oxygen is the most frequently used “drug” in a medical emergency. The ideal agent for resuscitation of a patient who is unconscious but still breathing is 100% oxygen.

Which drug is most commonly used during a medical emergency in the dental office?

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) is the histamine blocker most commonly found in emergency drug kits. There are no contraindications to the administration of a histamine blocker during a medical emergency.

What drugs are used in an emergency?

Emergency Drugs

Drug Indication
Morphine or nitrous oxide Angina pain unresponsive to nitroglycerin
Naloxone Reversal of opioid overdose
Lorazepam or Midazolam Status epilepticus
Flumazenil Benzodiazepine overdose

What are the 10 emergency drugs?

Emergency drugs (PICU Chart)

Drug Dose (IV)
Amiodarone 5 mg/Kg IV/IO*
Atropine 0.02 mg/Kg IV (may give ETT)
Calcium Chloride 10%** 20 mg/Kg IV
Dexamethasone 0.6 mg/Kg PO/IM/IV

For which of the following medical emergencies is atropine most commonly used?

Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning. Atropine may be used alone or with other medications.

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What drugs are used in CPR?

Understanding the drugs used during cardiac arrest response

  • Adrenaline. This is the first drug given in all causes of cardiac arrest and should be readily available in all clinical areas. …
  • Amiodarone. …
  • Lidocaine. …
  • Atropine. …
  • Additional drugs. …
  • Calcium chloride. …
  • Magnesium sulphate. …
  • Miscellaneous drugs.

What is dopamine used for in an emergency?

Background/Introduction: Dopamine is a potent, sympathomimetic medication used in emergency medicine and critical care to improve blood pressure (BP) in selected types of circulatory shock and to treat symptomatic bradycardia refractory to atropine and other interventions.

What drugs are used in ICU?

Pharmacological management

Class of drug Examples
Neuroleptic agents Haloperidol; chlorpromazine
Benzodiazepines Midazolam; lorazepam; diazepam
Opioids Morphine; fentanyl; alfentanil; remifentanil
Alpha agonists Clonidine

How fast push IV atropine?

Administer Atropine 0.5 mg IV repeating every 3-5 minutes to a total dose of 3 mg IV, until a heart rate of greater than 60/minute is reached. 3. Transcutaneous pacing (TCP) when available may be initiated prior to establishment of IV access and/or before Atropine begins to take effect.

What are life saving drugs?

Life-Saving Drugs (LSDs) are the drugs that save someone’s life, require immediate administration in most of the cases, as they sustain life, and prevent complications.

What are critical drugs?

Whilst all medicines should be administered in a timely manner, there are some that must not be omitted or their administration delayed as this has the potential to cause harm. These are referred to as ‘critical medicines’.

What is a medical emergency situation?

A medical emergency is an acute injury or illness that poses an immediate risk to a person’s life or long-term health, sometimes referred to as a situation risking “life or limb”.

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Why adrenaline is listed as an emergency drug?

This medication is used in emergencies to treat very serious allergic reactions to insect stings/bites, foods, drugs, or other substances. Epinephrine works quickly to improve breathing, stimulate the heart, raise a dropping blood pressure, reverse hives, and reduce swelling of the face, lips, and throat.