Human Trafficking Response and Social Disparities Training
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Sex Trafficking Convictions Across Our Nation

Sex Trafficking Convictions Across Our Nation

Sex Trafficking Convictions Across Our Nation. When it comes down to how the battle against the practice of sex trafficking, and all human trafficking, will be won, by one conviction at a time. These three recent convictions for sex trafficking demonstrate that, even if maddeningly slowly, progress in eliminating human trafficking in the United States is being made.

Toledo man gets 35 years in prison for sex trafficking

A Toledo man was sentenced to 35 years in prison for sex trafficking a minor.

Lawrence Jones, 32, previously pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court in Toledo to one count of sex trafficking of a minor and one count of sexual exploitation of a minor. He was sentenced Wednesday.

Jones met a minor via social media who had run away from home, officials said. Jones transported the girl to a home on Coventry Avenue in Toledo, where he took nude photographs of her and posted them online, offering commercial sex acts in the Toledo area in January, according to court documents.

Read more at toledoblade.com

California man sentenced to 18 years for sex trafficking victims in Kansas City

Ronald Ean Taylor. 45, was sentenced in federal court in Kansas City Thursday.

In March, Taylor pleaded guilty to sex counts of sex trafficking of an adult. He also admitted that he used force, fraud or coercion to cause six child victims to engage in prostitution. He trafficked six victims between Nov. 2014 and May 2017.

An investigation into Taylor began in June 2016, when one of the victims contacted Kansas City police. She said that Taylor was a pimp who lived in California, but was selling drugs and engaging in sex trafficking in the Kansas City area.

Read more at fox4kc.com

Monroe County woman sentenced to 7 years in prison for sex trafficking, drug trafficking

Sex Trafficking Convictions Across Our Nation. A Monroe County woman was sentenced to seven years in prison after pleading guilty to conspiring with others to commit sex trafficking.

Jordan Capone, 24, of Mt. Pocono, was sentenced for participating in a conspiracy that forced or coerced women to engage in prostitution in northeastern Pennsylvania, and for distributing the drug known as “molly” in Monroe County.

Read more at wfmz.com


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Hotel Motel Sex Trafficking

Hotel Motel Sex Trafficking

Hotel Motel Sex TraffickingHotel Motel Sex Trafficking. Hospitality owners are turning a blind eye to sex trafficking taking place on their premises. Some are even in cahoots with the traffickers by warning them of presence of the police. These are not just the seedy motels but rather are the nationally known hospitality chains. Women advertised for sex for hire are found on adult escort sites. This is a strange irony since the inception of the Federal Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA), which was intended eliminate online sex trafficking advertisement.


Escort Women At Hotels & Motels

Hotel Motel Sex TraffickingWhen most people go to a hotel or motel it’s an opportunity to unwind and relax possibly after work, a road trip or on vacation. While in your comfy room unbeknownst to you, there is a distinct possibility that women escorts might be paid for sex in the nearby rooms. Many of these women are unwilling participants and are victims of sex trafficking. Hospitality Industry is Ground Zero for Sex Trafficking. There are many of online Escort Websites featuring thousands of women be advertised for sex for hire occurring in all fifty states. What is mind boggling is most of these women are residing at a hotel or motel.


Look at the website links below. WARNING: Some of the images may be unsuitable for minors.

Skip The Games: http://skipthegames.com/

City X Guide: https://cityxguide.com/

Adult Search: https://adultsearch.com/

Escort Babylon: https://escortbabylon.net/cities_list


Hotel Employees Complicit with Sex Traffickers

Hotel Motel Sex Trafficking

Prostitutes speaking with an undercover Police Officer at a motel

Hotel Motel Sex Trafficking. A news story on CNN.COM discusses how the hospitality industry has played a role in helping the sex trafficking in the City of Atlanta, Georgia sustain itself in hotels and motels across the United States. Hospitality workers warned traffickers when the police were on the premises. Trafficked women were seeing 5 to 20 men per day. https://www.cnn.com/2019/08/28/us/atlanta-sex-trafficking-lawsuit/index.html






Johnson and Johnson Increased Opioid Addiction

Johnson and Johnson Increased Opioid Addiction

Johnson and Johnson Increased Opioid Addiction Johnson and Johnson Increased Opioid Addiction.  State of Oklahoma Cleveland County Judge slammed the drug company Johnson & Johnson with a $572 million court for increasing the opioid epidemic through its greedy opioid drug sales. Johnson & Johnson has become a Drug Dealer earning huge profits while irresponsibly addicting the public to opioids. The company must be held accountable for instructing its drug sales representatives to provide erroneous information to physicians that the opioid addiction risks.


Drug Company Lied About Opioid Addiction

Johnson and Johnson Increased Opioid Addiction. Opioid manufacturers are facing thousands of lawsuits across the country for aggressively marketing drugs like OxyContin, Vicodin, and Percocet as non-addictive and safe for long-term use for chronic pain—even though the drugs are chemically very similar to heroin. https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/08/26/about-damn-time-first-thousands-lawsuits-against-big-pharma-johnson-johnson-ordered


Johnson and Johnson Increased Opioid Addiction Was The Opioid Addiction A Planned Epidemic

The opioid addiction epidemic has reached mega proportions throughout the United States. Many people became addicted to the opioids prescribed by physicians for pain. There have numerous deaths from opioid over dosages.  Many of those addicted to opioids turned to using heroin when their opioid prescriptions were discontinued. The irresponsibility of Johnson and Johnson executives is so obvious one must ask if the opioid epidemic was planned? Was Johnson & Johnson in cahoots with the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) to intentionally fuel addiction? Because now the Addiction Treatment is a $35 Billion Dollar business. Government already knew the seriousness of opioid addiction. During the end of the Vietnam War, thousands of military personnel were addicted to Heroin and other drugs. The U.S. Government fearing the military personnel might return home as drug addicts mandated negative urine drug screens prior to returning home. Those military personnel who failed the urine drug screens were held in country until they could pass the test. How could the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) not have known that Opioids sold by drug companies were not highly addictive?

Johnson and Johnson Increased Opioid Addiction

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Opioid Summaries by State

Opioid Summaries by State

Opioid Summaries by State

PHILADELPHIA, PA – A man administers Narcan as they try to revive a man who overdosed on heroin.

Opioid Summaries by State. The National Institute of Drug Abuse has developed a very interesting chart showing the frequency of opioid-Involved overdose deaths. The chart doesn’t lead to any direct conclusions, but it certainly alerts to the frequency of opioid related deaths on a geographic basis.

Center For Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)

According to the Center For Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), in 2017 there were 70,237 Drug Overdose Deaths! The Opioids account for 46,700 of the 70,237 Drug Overdose Deaths. The U.S. States with the highest Drug Overdoses are as follows:

  1. West Virginia
  2. Ohio
  3. Pennsylvania
  4.  District of Columbia
  5. Kentucky

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vsrr/drug-overdose-data.htm

Opioid Summaries by State. The age range most at risk is the younger adults ages 18 to 25. The younger teens age 12 to 17 heroin usage is declining. Stopping this Opioid Overdose Death problem isn’t going to be occurring anytime soon. Collectively all venues of Education, Healthcare, Law Enforcement, Treatment Centers and Social Services need to be involved in mass effort educating the younger generations of Children.

How Does Heroin and Fentanyl Get Here 

Opioid Summaries by State. An October 3, 2019 Philadelphia Inquirer News article states that the City of Philadelphia Pennsylvania has the most Opioid related deaths of any other Major U.S. City. That 300 people are killed every week by Heroin Overdoses. It is stated that 90% of the Heroin is smuggled across legal crossing points of the U.S. Mexico Border. According to the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), some shipments of Heroin does enter over the border across illegal crossing points. The bulk of the Heroin is  smuggled in secret compartments in cars and inside tractor trailer across the legal crossing points of the U.S. Mexico Border. The I-95 Highway Corridor is a thoroughfare for drug shipments. Fentanyl is shipped in packages from China directly into the U.S. and indirectly from China to Canada into the United States. The Fentanyl can be ordered from the Dark Web and it also can be made in Mexico with chemicals from China.

Source: https://www.inquirer.com/health/how-do-illegal-drugs-enter-us-heroin-fentanyl-trump-border-wall-mexico-china-20190109.html

Link to our course on Understanding Addiction

Human Trafficking Victims Hesitant to Contact Police

Human Trafficking Victims Hesitant to Contact Police

Human Trafficking Victims Hesitant to Contact Police.  Police still arrest Child Prostitutes for Prostitution. They see a prostitute as a working girl supporting a drug habit selling sex. It is provocative and strange but factual unless the Police have had the right type of Human Trafficking training.  Victims of Human Trafficking are taught not trust outsiders and especially the Police. Some victims may fear being deported and these people might not self identify themselves as victims.


Read this citation and weep

The girls are 16 and 17 years old. Sometimes as young as 10. They’re brought into juvenile hall wearing miniskirts and crop tops in the middle of February. Or they show up at an urgent-care clinic with three different sexually transmitted infections, or for their second pregnancy test in two months.

Stacey Katz, executive director of WestCoast Children’s Clinic in Oakland, knows that they are victims of sex trafficking, even if the girls don’t always say it. Their traffickers are men they call their boyfriends. Their abusers — their so-called clients — may be relatives, school counselors, lawyers. Sometimes, they’re cops.

Last month, when an 18-year-old woman began telling reporters she’d had sex with 29 Bay Area law enforcement officers over the past two years, including Oakland officers she met on the streets, Katz wasn’t surprised.

Source: https://www.sfchronicle.com/health/article/Police-abuse-of-trafficking-victims-weakens-8382480.php

A child under the age of 17 cannot legally consent to have sex but they can be arrested in the State of Texas, working as a prostitute. The Governor of Texas vetoed the Bill to prohibit arresting children for prostitution working as prostitutes. These children are victims of sexual abuse and the police can still arrests them.

“The Governor Abbott of the State of Texas rationale for vetoing the Bill is because it takes away options that law enforcement and prosecutors can use to separate victims from their traffickers,” Abbott said. “And it may provide a perverse incentive for traffickers to use underage prostitutes, knowing they cannot be arrested for engaging in prostitution.”

Source: https://www.texastribune.org/2019/06/21/abbott-vetos-child-prostitution-bill/



Human TraffickingLink to our course on Human Trafficking Response

Avoiding Nursing Burnout

Avoiding Nursing Burnout

Finding ways to minimize nursing burnout helps both care provider and patient. But avoiding nursing burnout includes both an understanding of the potential causes of the problem, and and a consideration of what can be done to minimize it on both on an individual and departmental basis. The National Institute of Health released an interesting look at the benefits of supporting empowered leadership to address the issue.

Nurse burnout is a widespread phenomenon characterized by a reduction in nurses’ energy that manifests in emotional exhaustion, lack of motivation, and feelings of frustration and may lead to reductions in work efficacy. This study was conducted to assess the level of burnout among Jordanian nurses and to investigate the influence of leader empowering behaviors (LEBs) on nurses’ feelings of burnout in an endeavor to improve nursing work outcomes. A cross-sectional and correlational design was used. Leader Empowering Behaviors Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were employed to collect data from 407 registered nurses, recruited from 11 hospitals in Jordan. The Jordanian nurses exhibited high levels of burnout as demonstrated by their high scores for Emotional Exhaustion (EE) and Depersonalization (DP) and moderate scores for Personal Accomplishment (PA). Factors related to work conditions, nurses’ demographic traits, and LEBs were significantly correlated with the burnout categories. A stepwise regression model–exposed 4 factors predicted EE: hospital type, nurses’ work shift, providing autonomy, and fostering participation in decision making. Gender, fostering participation in decision making, and department type were responsible for 5.9% of the DP variance, whereas facilitating goal attainment and nursing experience accounted for 8.3% of the PA variance. This study highlights the importance of the role of nurse leaders in improving work conditions and empowering and motivating nurses to decrease nurses’ feelings of burnout, reduce turnover rates, and improve the quality of nursing care.

Read more at ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Mindfulness in Nursing: Decreasing Burnout, Improving OutcomesLink to our course on Mindfulness in Nursing: Decreasing Burnout, Improving Outcomes

News Affects The Opioid Epidemic

News Affects The Opioid Epidemic

News Affects The Opioid Epidemic. Like many, maybe even most things, the public continues to get a large percentage of the information they receive on a trending subject from the news media. Leaving out personal social media interactions, that number even increases when you add online media to traditional media outlets.

So, it probably comes as no surprise that news coverage of the opioid epidemic affects people’s perceptions of exactly what the problems are, as well as whether it is a growing concern, and how well or effectively the problem is being addressed.

The Public Health Institute has performed an analysis of news coverage of the opioid epidemic in Northern California that sheds an interesting light on the question:

News Affects The Opioid Epidemic. The news in rural Northern California provides a window through which we can glimpse how the public—and policymakers—understand the critical epidemic of opioid abuse and overdose in the region. A new preliminary analysis from PHI’s Berkeley Media Studies Group (BMSG) found that the news reinforces that the opioid epidemic is severely affecting communities locally and nationally; that the epidemic drives local crime; and that communities are exploring fledgling prevention and recovery efforts.

Unlike previous responses to drug use, opioid addiction is routinely framed in the news as a public health issue as well as a criminal justice issue—but public health advocates and medical practitioners are currently absent from the coverage.

As the opioid epidemic worsens, it is critical to understand how the news is shaping people’s understanding of the issue and what can be done about it. In this report, supported by the California Public Health Department, PHI’s BMSG analyzes news coverage from Northern California outlets, provides insights into how the issue is framed, and suggests questions for additional research.

Read more at phi.org

Understanding AddictionLink to our course on Understanding Addiction

Human Trafficking Conviction in Philadelphia

Human Trafficking Conviction in Philadelphia

Human Trafficking Conviction in Philadelphia Human Trafficking Conviction in Philadelphia. News of the first adult human trafficking conviction in Philadelphia history points out the stark reality of how much more needs to be done to even begin to address this still often hidden social dilemma. The PhillyVoice website provides a detailed look at the story of the perpatrator, the victims, and the District Attorney’s office that secured the guilty verdict.

Human Trafficking Conviction in Philadelphia A Kensington man was convicted last week of human trafficking and other crimes involving the forced servitude of five women, marking the first case of its kind resolved in Philadelphia.

District Attorney Larry Krasner spoke about the importance of the case on Monday, detailing the context of the crimes committed by 50-year-old Richard Collins.

“Trafficking cases involving adult victims are historically difficult to prove, in part because of stigma associated with commercial sex work as well as harmful misconceptions about people who struggle with addiction,” Krasner said.

Philadelphia police opened an investigation into Collins in June 2018 when one of his victims managed to escape his residence by climbing over a barbed wire fence. The victim contacted the Special Victims Unit and a search warrant was executed at the property, where the four other women were recovered.

Read more at phillyvoice.com

Human TraffickingLink to our course on Human Trafficking Response

Hepatitis A Outbreak in Heroin Users

Hepatitis A Outbreak in Heroin Users

Hepatitis A Outbreaks in Heroin Users

Hepatitis A Outbreak in Heroin Users. “You’re turning yellow.” Using of contaminated needles and other drug paraphernalia increase risk of Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A infections is the newest negative outcome of the opioid epidemic is emerging . The population is at risks for Hepatitis A particularly if they are injecting drugs like Heroin and reusing syringes and the other drug paraphernalia. These Intravenous Drug Abusers don’t think to throw out used syringes because they would have to buy new ones. There use to be nonprofit mobile van needle exchange that was available for addicts to bring safety disposal containers with old syringes. That was a good harm reduction methodology to discourage reusing old syringes and discarding them on the ground. Then there was talk about Syringe Dispensing machines. Now there is nothing here in the way of harm reduction in areas ravaged by addiction. The addicts are reusing syringes, discarding them on the ground and Hepatitis A has come to roost.

Maybe those who unilaterally make these horrible decisions to do away with the Harm Reduction strategies of a Needle Exchange Van or the Needle Dispensing Machines might realize that having them in place is actually better for Public Health.

The CDC recommends health departments ensure people who report drug use are vaccinated for hepatitis A, and consider programs to educate at-risk populations, as well as to provide vaccinations in places where at-risk populations may seek treatment. Health care providers should encourage patients who report drug use to be vaccinated for the disease.

Source: https://www.mdedge.com/psychiatry/article/167799/hepatitis/cdc-warns-hepatitis-outbreaks-injection-drug-users

Hepatitis A Outbreaks in Heroin Users, Just before the Fourth of July, Trenton Burrell began feeling run-down and achy. Soon he could barely muster the energy to walk from one room to another. A friend shared an alarming observation: “You’re turning yellow.”

Within days, the 40-year-old landed in the hospital, diagnosed with the highly contagious liver virus hepatitis A, which has infected more than 3,220 people in Ohio and killed at least 15.

Since 2016, the virus has spawned outbreaks in at least 29 states, starting with Michigan and California. It’s sickened more than 23,600 people, sent the majority to the hospital and killed more than 230. All but California’s and Utah’s outbreaks are ongoing, and experts expect to eventually see the virus seep into every state.

Read more at usatoday.com

Understanding AddictionLink to our course on Understanding Addiction

Prescription painkillers and the opioid crisis

Prescription painkillers and the opioid crisis

Prescription painkillers and the opioid crisisPrescription painkillers and the opioid crisis. Trying to get a clear understanding of the relationship between Prescription Painkillers and the Opioid Crisis has, for a long time, been a difficult journey in which consensus has been a circuitous, moving target. Theatlantic.com has taken a lengthy and clear-eyed look at the issue, from the earliest days of the dawning awareness that a new and devastating social ill of opioid addiction was proliferating, through today, where the long held professional opinions on the best way to treat opioid-using pain patients is undergoing profound reconsideration.

It a true deep dive on the subject, but if you take the time to read it, you will gain a fuller understanding of why it’s been so difficult for many to even begin to understand all the complex factors that must be integrated into efforts to alleviate suffering without exacerbating the challenges of the addiction rehabilitation process.

In the early days of the opioid crisis, public officials had reasons to blame it on all the pills. News stories featured people who, to the shock of their neighbors and loved ones, had died unexpectedly of a drug overdose. In an emergency, authorities do what they can with the tools at hand. In tightening controls on doctors who prescribed pain relievers, state and federal agencies were focusing on the aspect of the problem most subject to regulatory intervention.

To some degree, that strategy worked. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, overdose deaths declined by about 5 percent in 2018—a dip attributable almost exclusively to fewer deaths from oxycodone, hydrocodone, and other prescription opioids. (Fentanyl deaths are still climbing.) Now that the fever of the opioid crisis may be breaking, Americans can revisit some of the stories we have told ourselves about the role of prescription medication in the crisis.

By now, the outlines of the story are familiar: Opioid prescribing began to rise in the early 1990s, powered by two forces. One was a campaign by oncologists and pain specialists to correct the undertreatment of pain. The other was the introduction in 1996 of the potent time-release oxycodone medication Oxycontin, which the drug company Purdue Pharma vigorously marketed to doctors.

Read more at theatlantic.com

Understanding AddictionLink to our course on Understanding Addiction

Human trafficking information: 11 facts you should know

Human trafficking information: 11 facts you should know

Human trafficking information: 11 facts you should know. Human trafficking information that is accurate and informative is one of the most powerful tools available for fighting what has for too long been a shadowy and poorly understood phenomenon. Dosomething.org, an organization dedicated to helping young people become active in fighting social ills across the United States, has created a short but powerful article sharing 11 Facts About Human Trafficking. It includes exactly the kind of information that, if more people know about it, just might help make a difference in how successfully the public-at-large can be a active factor in helping to diminish instances of human trafficking, sex trafficking, and forced labor in America. Although it’s a very quick read, the article does a great job of sharing human trafficking information most people may not be aware of.

Human trafficking is a crime that forcefully exploits women, men, and children. According to the United Nations, human trafficking affects every country in the world, but it’s not talked about enough. So we’re talking about it. Read on to learn more about human trafficking, and find support resources and ways you can take action at the Polaris Project, Love146, and Free the Slaves.

  1. Trafficking involves transporting someone into a situation of exploitation. This can include forced labor, marriage, prostitution, and organ removal. This kind of exploitation is known by a few different names — “human trafficking,” “trafficking of persons,” and “modern slavery” are the ones accepted by the US Department of State. [1]
  2. It’s estimated that internationally there are between 20 million and 40 million people in modern slavery today. Assessing the full scope of human trafficking is difficult because so cases so often go undetected, something the United Nations refers to as “the hidden figure of crime.”[2]
  3. Estimates suggest that, internationally, only about .04% survivors of human trafficking cases are identified, meaning that the vast majority of cases of human trafficking go undetected. [3]

Read more at dosomething.org

Human TraffickingLink to our course on Human Trafficking Response

Social disparities in healthcare

Social disparities in healthcare

Social disparities in healthcare. The concept of social disparities in healthcare can sometimes be difficult to apply to a specific healthcare service or sector. The healthypeople.gov site, created by the U.S. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, provides a succinct definition of social disparities, particularly as it applies to health care delivery, and also serves as a great introduction to this valuable information resource. Although it is an easy read, this particular article also delivers a great foundation for understanding how to integrate a focus on social disparities in healthcare into your interactions with healthcare delivery.

Although the term disparities is often interpreted to mean racial or ethnic disparities, many dimensions of disparity exist in the United States, particularly in health. If a health outcome is seen to a greater or lesser extent between populations, there is disparity. Race or ethnicity, sex, sexual identity, age, disability, socioeconomic status, and geographic location all contribute to an individual’s ability to achieve good health. It is important to recognize the impact that social determinants have on health outcomes of specific populations. Healthy People strives to improve the health of all groups.

To better understand the context of disparities, it is important to understand more about the U.S. population. In 2008, the U.S. population was estimated at 304 million people.1

  • In 2008, approximately 33%, or more than 100 million people, identified themselves as belonging to a racial or ethnic minority population.1
  • In 2008, 51%, or 154 million people, were women.1
  • In 2008, approximately 12%, or 36 million people not living in nursing homes or other residential care facilities, had a disability.2
  • In 2008, an estimated 70.5 million people lived in rural areas (23% of the population), while roughly 233.5 million people lived in urban areas (77%).3
  • In 2002, an estimated 4% of the U.S. population ages 18 to 44 identified themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.4

Read more at healthypeople.gov

Racism in Nursing: An Under-Addressed ProblemLink to our course on Racism in Nursing: An Under-Addressed Problem

Overview of the Opioid Crisis

Overview of the Opioid Crisis

Overview of the Opioid CrisisOverview of the Opioid Crisis. The problems of opioid addiction, from both illicit drugs like heroin and prescription medications such as oxycodone has been with us for a very long time, and sadly, will remain a huge, costly, and ultimately deadly issue for the foreseeable future. But it is said that knowledge is power, and CNN.com has just published an excellent overview of the opioid crisis that is sure to open the eyes of even those who have a good working knowledge of the issue.

From the insightful overview of the opioid crisis, to a unique time line that begins in 1861, the article is well worth the time it takes to read:

Overview of the Opioid Crisis. Experts say the United States is in the throes of an opioid epidemic. In 2017, an estimated 1.7 million individuals in the United States suffered from substance use disorders related to prescription opioid pain relievers and 652,000 suffered from a heroin use disorder.

Opioids are drugs formulated to replicate the pain-educing properties of opium. They include both legal painkillers like morphine, oxycodone, or hydrocodone prescribed by doctors for acute or chronic pain, as well as illegal drugs like heroin or illicitly made fentanyl. The word “opioid” is derived from the word “opium.”

During 2017, there were more than 70,200 overdose deaths in the United States and 47,600 of those overdose deaths involved opioids. More than 130 people died every day from opioid-related drug overdoses in 2016 and 2017, according to the US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS).

Prescription opioid volumes peaked in 2011, with the equivalent of 240 billion milligrams of morphine prescribed, according to the market research firm, IQVIA Institute for Human Data Science. The volume declined to about 171 billion milligrams of morphine in 2017, a 29% drop.

read more at cnn.com

Understanding AddictionLink to our course on Understanding Addiction

Human Trafficking Is Entrenched in American History

Human Trafficking Is Entrenched in American History

Human Trafficking Is Entrenched in American History Human Trafficking Is Entrenched in American History. The American Colonists were involved in the kidnapping of African men, women and children from the Continent of Africa. These victims were forced under chattel into slavery, beaten, raped, forced to breed with other slaves, traded, sold, sold into brothels, and families were destroyed. For Americans, human trafficking dates back to the Colonies through the Revolutionary War and on into the 1800’s when the Civil War erupted. Obviously, the ill effects of slavery have continued because this country has had a long history of inequality, racism and social injustice into present day.

 The crime of human trafficking continues to exists in the United States and in almost every country in the world. It is associated with transnational criminal organizations, small criminal networks and local gangs, and violations of labor and immigration codes.  More recently, Human Trafficking has been defined to include other types of force, fraud, or coercion for sexual & forced labor exploitation.  A lot of the American people are under the false impression that most human trafficking victims are transported across international boundaries into the United States. However, contrary to these false beliefs, many trafficking victims are in fact United States Citizens.

Trafficking in persons shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power, or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.  Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

read more at aspe.hhs.gov

Human TraffickingLink to our course on Human Trafficking Response

Information on human trafficking: 20 important facts you should know.

Information on human trafficking: 20 important facts you should know.

Information on human trafficking in the United States is always welcome, but there is often a lot of repetition in what information is made available. When you’re asking how to prevent human trafficking in the United States, that’s not a million dollar question, it’s a multi-billion dollar question.

And the answer to it is both complicated and one that may never be fully answered. Bad actors are motivated by many things, not the least of which is money, power, and control over others.

Still, information is key tool in the ongoing fight over how to prevent human trafficking, and Business Insider has a timely and useful article presenting 20 Facts you should know about human trafficking in the U.S. Following is an excerpt of the introduction, but please read the whole item (link below) for all twenty of the facts sharing Information on human trafficking in the United States:

In 2016, then-President Barack Obama told the Clinton Global Initiative: “I’m talking about the injustice, the outrage of human trafficking, which must be called by its true name: modern slavery. It is barbaric and it is evil and it has no place in a civilized world.”

Human trafficking is when people are recruited or harbored, by threat or force, to be exploited, according to the United Nations. Mostly, it’s commercial sex or labor exploitation, and a victim does not need to be transported anywhere in order to fall under the definition.

Trafficking is covert and illegal, and precise information is not easy to get. The US State Department and trafficking hotlines are helping to paint a clearer picture of what’s going on.

Hundreds of thousands of victims are estimated to be working in the sex industry, or in the hospitality, beauty, or agricultural industries where such conditions could be occurring.

Read more at businessinsider.com

FOSTA SESTA and Sex TraffickingLink to our course on Sex Trafficking Response

The difference between health disparities and health inequities

The difference between health disparities and health inequities

The difference between health disparities and health inequitiesThe difference between health disparities and health inequities. The difference between health disparities and health inequities is an important one, especially for those involved in the delivery of health care to patient populations of different ethnic or social strata. The US National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health offers a succinct exploration of the difference, and why it is vital to understand both the ways in which they are similar and differ:

“Health disparities” and “health equity” have become increasingly familiar terms in public health, but rarely are they defined explicitly. Ambiguity in the definitions of these terms could lead to misdirection of resources. This article discusses the need for greater clarity about the concepts of health disparities and health equity, proposes definitions, and explains the rationale based on principles from the fields of ethics and human rights.


The difference between health disparities and health inequitiesIf you look up the word “disparity” in a dictionary, you will most likely find it defined simply as difference, variation, or, perhaps, inequality, without further specification. But when the term “health disparity” was coined in the United States around 1990, it was not meant to refer to all possible health differences among all possible groups of people. Rather, it was intended to denote a specific kind of difference, namely, worse health among socially disadvantaged people and, in particular, members of disadvantaged racial/ethnic groups and economically disadvantaged people within any racial/ethnic group. However, this specificity has generally not been made explicit. Until the release of Healthy People 2020 in 2010, federal agencies had officially defined health disparities in very general terms, as differences in health among different population groups, without further specification.1,2 This article argues for the need to be explicit about the meaning of health disparities and the related term “health equity,” and proposes definitions based on concepts from the fields of ethics and human rights.


The difference between health disparities and health inequitiesNot all health differences are health disparities. Examples of health differences that are not health disparities include worse health among the elderly compared with young adults, a higher rate of arm injuries among professional tennis players than in the general population, or, hypothetically, a higher rate of a particular disease among millionaires than non-millionaires. While these differences are unlikely to occupy prominent places in a public health agenda, there are many health differences that are important for a society to address but are not health disparities.

Read more at ncbi.nlm.nih.gov


Healthcare Disparities Among Prenatal PatientsLink to our course on Healthcare Disparities Among Prenatal Patients, one area where understanding the difference between health disparities and health inequities can be helpful in providing a high quality of health care.

News Reports That Drug overdose deaths are decreasing

News Reports That Drug overdose deaths are decreasing

News reports that Drug overdose deaths are decreasing. Is that proof that the situation is actually getting better? The problem of drug addiction, and overdoses are complex social disparities occurring in America. The news is reporting that less people are being killed by drug overdoses, but I doubt the validity.

For example, the increased utilization of Narcan by police and other first responders in overdose situations may have lead to a reduction in the number of opioid drug users who die when the O.D., but that doesn’t necessarily indicate that the problem of drug addiction in the U.S. is getting better.

The L.A. Times has more on the reported numbers on overdose deaths:

U.S. overdose deaths last year likely fell for the first time in nearly three decades, preliminary statistics suggest.

Nearly 68,000 drug overdose deaths were reported throughout the country last year, according to provisional figures posted Wednesday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The number may go up as more investigations are completed, but the agency expects the final tally will not exceed 69,000.

Overdose deaths had been climbing each year since 1990, topping 70,000 in 2017.

Any leveling off — or decline — in overdose deaths is good news, but the overdose death rate is still about seven times higher than it was a generation ago.

“We’re still in a pretty sad situation that we need to address,” said Rebecca Haffajee, a behavioral health researcher at the University of Michigan who studies policies aimed at curbing opioid addiction.

Read more at latimes.com

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How to prevent human trafficking – A 2 Minute Read, 15 Important Links

How to prevent human trafficking – A 2 Minute Read, 15 Important Links

No matter how committed to the fight, it’s often difficult to feel knowledgeable about how to prevent human trafficking in a productive way. While there are a multitude of information resources from governmental agencies, non-governmental agencies, and even the United Nations, the huge amount of information out there can sometimes stop you in your tracks when you are looking for actionable steps you can take to make a difference.

Today, we share a simple and short two minute read on a web page provided by the U.S. State Department, that provides 15 Important Links about what people can do help prevent human trafficking:

Anyone can join in the fight against human trafficking. Here are just a few ideas to consider.

Read all 15 links at state.gov

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Social justice in health disparities

Social justice in health disparities

Social justice in health disparities. The academic view of Social justice in health disparities is a topic of growing prominence. The President and CEO Darrell Kirch, MD  for the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), offers some interesting insights on the values that guide academic medicine.

Change is a constant in life, both personally and professionally. Sometimes, though, changes feel so disruptive that we may fundamentally question who we are and where we are heading. Today, as we face great uncertainty created by tumultuous change in health care and society at large, a set of core beliefs can help us remain true to our values and missions even as we are buffeted by conflicting forces. In academic medicine, we have a set of enduring truths that have been a guiding force since the establishment of the AAMC nearly 150 years ago. Arguably, some beliefs have existed from the time of Hippocrates.

For my last column as AAMC president and CEO, I want to highlight some of the universal professional touchstones I gleaned from having had the remarkable privilege of visiting students and faculty at every AAMC-member school. Regardless of the size of your institution, your area of specialization, or your location, these enduring truths can buoy us, providing guidance during troubling or disruptive times. They remind us of what drew us to academic medicine in the first place.

Read more at news.aamc.org

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Chronic Pain Patients Are Becoming Orphans

Chronic Pain Patients Are Becoming Orphans

Chronic Pain Patients Are Becoming OrphansChronic Pain Patients Are Becoming Orphans. Under the prevailing conditions of opioid regulation, chronic pain patients who are legitimately prescribed medication are finding that doctors are apprehensive write prescriptions. Its the rotten ones who over prescribed for profit and the continued misuse that has brought us where we are.


Opioid Paradox of Legitimacy Versus Addiction

This whole Opioid situation is a paradox.

In one house we have the legitimate chronic pain patients who are prescribed opioid medication. Physicians are reluctant to prescribe pain medication because big brother is coming down with regulation and scrutiny. If for some reason you change primary physicians and new doctor doesn’t know you, then it is possible might profile you as a drug seeker. If that happens, your jacked because the potential consequences.

In the other house are the opioid addicted patients. Here is the rub; this population can get into addiction treatment a lot easier then a chronic pain patient is able to receive a prescription for a legitimate opioid medication.

It’s Not a Good Situation

Chronic Pain Patients Are Becoming Orphans. People who take opioids for chronic pain have a harder time finding a doctor than non-opioid taking patients, a new study finds.

About 40 percent of primary care clinics refuse to take patients who regularly use Percocet, regardless of what type of health insurance they have, according to research published Friday in JAMA Network Open.

“Anecdotally, we were hearing about patients with chronic pain becoming ‘pain refugees,’ being abruptly tapered from their opioids or having their current physician stop refilling their prescription, leaving them to search for pain relief elsewhere,” Pooja Lagisetty, a researcher at the University of Michigan and study lead researcher, said in a news release. “These findings are concerning because it demonstrates just how difficult it may be for a patient with chronic pain searching for a primary care physician.”

read more at upi.com

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Human Trafficking Africa Versus United States

Human Trafficking Africa Versus United States

Human Trafficking Africa Versus United States.  The specifics of human trafficking facts listed for Africa in this interesting post from Borgen Magazine point out both the similarities and differences in the problem of human trafficking across the globe, and point out that solutions require an understanding of the many factors that influence the form trafficking takes on different continents and in different countries.

Human Trafficking in Africa Versus United States. Africa is home to armed conflicts, government corruption and extreme poverty. Consequently, many people are living in or seeking to escape these conditions. By trying to get out of the continent to a better place, these people face a high risk of human trafficking. Large, profitable networks of human traffickers often go on uninterrupted because of the disunity between African countries. In the text below, the top 10 facts about human trafficking in Africa are presented.

Top 10 Facts About Human Trafficking in Africa

  1. here are 9.2 million Africans that are victims of modern slavery as of 2016, accounting for 23 percent of total global modern slavery. Africans are vulnerable to forced labor, sexual exploitation and forced marriages.
  2. Human trafficking in Africa is a $13.1 billion industry. Out of this number, $8.9 billion comes from sexual exploitation. Victims of sex trafficking yield $21,800 each due to high demand, so even while forced labor has three times more victims, sexual exploitation generates more than double the profits.
  3. No African country completely complies with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA), minimum standards for fighting human trafficking. Twenty-two African countries fall under Tier 2 that acknowledges that significant efforts are being made towards improvement and 19 other countries fall under Tier 2’s watch list, indicating that not enough progress has been made in the country. Nine countries, eight of which are not considered free, fall under Tier 3, where significant efforts have not yet been made.

read more at borgenmagazine.com

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Reducing health disparities in black-white infant mortality

Reducing health disparities in black-white infant mortality

Reducing health disparities in black-white infant mortality is a difficult, but achievable goal. Macomb County, MI has made doing just that a priority in addressing social disparities in health care delivery in the county, as reported by macombdaily.com:

Macomb County possesses a wealth of assets but its black infant mortality rate has been relative to that of a poor community in Romania.

“The persistent racial disparity in which women of color experience two times the risk of an infant death compared to white mothers is unacceptable,” said Macomb County Health Department Director Bill Ridella.

Part of Ridella’s responsibility as community health director is to track data related to infant mortality rates (IMR), as it is a key indicator of population health.

Historically, Michigan has seen a drop in overall rates.

“In 1970, the infant death rate was 20.3 deaths per 1,000 live births; and this rate declined to 10.7 in 1990 and then again to 7.1 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2010,” according to a recent study by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). “Since 1970, these declines were primarily due to advances in neonatal medicine, artificial lung surfactants, folic acid supplementation, and numerous public health interventions.”

Ridella said health care improvements have done a lot and if the decline remains constant, the overall infant mortality rate could drop to 6.3 by 2020 and as low as 5.0 by 2030.

In contrast to this has been the persistent and widening gap of infant mortality rates between women of color and whites.

Read more at macombdaily.com

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The complexity of human trafficking legislation

The complexity of human trafficking legislation

Human Trafficking is an issue with many facets, and it’s not an easy problem to address in an comprehensive fashion. The result of the recent passage of a new law meant to make an impact on the issues in the U.K. has resulted in serious issues in the developing world. These unexpected outcomes highlight the complexity of human trafficking legislation:

The Modern Slavery Act was seen as a big achievement for combating the issue of forced labour. But since it was passed by the UK government in 2015, many have pointed out its shortcomings. In particular, how the legislation helps cover up serious forced labour issues, all the while making citizens who are concerned about the problem feel better.

Less well known is how Article 54 of the act, which assigns British companies the responsibility to clean up their global supply chains, hurts factory workers in developing countries. I’ve witnessed how British companies outsource this responsibility to local factory managers in Sri Lanka.

These local managers feel tremendous pressure to monitor their workforce, even beyond the shop floor, for fear of losing their contracts. And this leads to an excessive amount of surveillance, with devastating consequences for factory workers, most of whom are female.

read more at theconversation.com

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Where Children Live Determines The Threat Level

Where Children Live Determines The Threat Level

Where Children Live Determines The Threat LevelWhere Children Live Determines The Threat Level. Child safety education is contingent on where they live and what are the most immediate threats. In the United States, the drug abuse is a threat. In the region of Ukraine’s Donetsk Oblast region, the risk to children are the landmines. In parts of Africa, the Nile Crocodiles pose a risk. The JAMA Pediatric Study concluded that teens are likely to use Heroin. Heroin is easier to obtain as opposed to the prescription opioids. Much of the heroin is cut with fentanyl thus making it more lethal resulting in overdoses.


Teen Opioid and Heroin Use

Where Children Live Determines The Threat Level. The Jama Pediatric study stated that as many as 13% of young people recreationally use prescription opioids and 11% of the users later moved on to heroin after high school graduation. If you think about the reality of young people using opioids and heroin its mind boggling to understand why? Prescription opioids and heroin are responsible for premature death among this age population.

read more at upi.com

Early Childhood Drug Prevention

Heroin, Opioids, Landmines and Crocodiles. Our teens using prescription opioids and after high school graduation, moving on to heroin is staggering reality. It makes sense educate very early on drug prevention. Some may disagree that the younger impressionable children should be shielded from learning about the horrors of drugs.

Child Education is Relative To Whatever is the Threat

Where Children Live Determines The Threat LevelElementary children living in war torn areas within the country of the Ukraine are educated where not to play and walk to avoid stepping on a landmine.



Where Children Live Determines The Threat LevelHeroin, Opioids, Landmines, and Crocodiles Are Relative Threats. Children are educated to avoid high risk areas indigenous to the Nile Crocodile, which is native to freshwater in Egypt in the North, through Central and East Africa, down to South Africa.


According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), the first 8 years of a child’s life are critically important to prevent substance abuse. The NIH states that a stable home environment, good caring parenting, optimum nutrition, play and being stimulated to learn are dyer to having success later in life to avoid substance abuse. But what if the child doesn’t have all these attributes in their life due to divorce, poor parenting etc.

Implementation of an early elementary drug prevention program would need to illicit help of trained professionals, parental involvement, community advocates and training teachers how educate on the subject matter.


A  School Drug Prevention Program Must Include All Stakeholders 

Where Children Live Determines The Threat Level.  Join Together recommends that schools adopt proven prevention programs that are researched-based, involve parents and community, offer teacher training and support, and use interactive teaching methods. They also suggest that teachers have easy access to prevention materials, and such information be supplemented in after-school and extra-curricular activities. Ideally, schools should also offer opportunities where older students are trained to help teach younger students about alcohol and drug abuse. Finally, when teachers and administrators have substance abuse prevention education specified as part of their job, their performance should be included in their formal evaluations.

Where Children Live Determines The Threat Level

Understanding Addiction






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Can the response for human trafficking victims in health care really be improved?

Can the response for human trafficking victims in health care really be improved?

Sometimes, the fight to assist human trafficking victims can seem hopeless. But those dedicated to doing something about it in the health care environment, through which a very large percentage of human trafficking victims eventually move through, are not about to give up.

And while it may not be often enough, efforts to make a positive impact on this issue can succeed:

Claudia Lawrence, community mobilization director for Seattle Against Slavery, delivered a presentation to nursing staff, physicians and social workers on the importance of identifying signs of exploitation in children and adults. She focused her lecture on the vast intersectionality of human trafficking.

“Not everyone who is trafficked is aware they are trafficked,” said Lawrence.

Victims of trafficking are clustered in the most vulnerable populations, but any type of person can be trafficked. It could be an immigrant from South America lured by the false promise of a decent job or a youth runaway enticed by the idea of finally having a “father figure,” explained Lawrence.

“Human trafficking is the most non-discriminatory plight in our community,” she said. “It really touches on every single sector of the community.” Nearly 88 percent of human trafficking victims were seen by health care providers while being trafficked, as stated by a study in the Annals of Health Law. The event was hosted by the Kirkland-based hospital’s forensic nurse examiner team. The group of nurses provide 24-hour care to sexual assault survivors, including access to emergency physicians, social workers and support services. Seattle Against Slavery is a grassroots nonprofit organized by citizens in King County over the previous 10 years. Their partnership with the hospital aims to mobilize the community in the fight against labor and sex trafficking.

“Human trafficking is the most non-discriminatory plight in our community,” she said. “It really touches on every single sector of the community.”

read more at redmond-reporter.com

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Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding

Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding

Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding. This is an absurd policy shift on the part of a country, whose is host to the mecca of human slavery! The City of Tenancingo, is ground zero for sex trafficking. The entire City of Tenancingo’ s commerce is driven around kidnapping women to be sold for sex within Mexico and trafficked into the United States, the chiefly the Borough of Queens NYC.

Corruption Within Mexico 

Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking FundingMexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding. The Mexican government’s rationale for redirecting the funding from the anti trafficking NGOs to the shelters and to the care for trafficking victims due to corruption. Well, when the bow breaks the cradle will fall! The cradle has fallen in the country of Mexico. This is a country that unofficially tolerates the exportation of sex slaves and drugs. A country that is so devoid of human dignity, that its own population is making a mass exodus into the United States. If there ever was a clearer example of mass corruption, then the country of Mexico would be the best choice.

Reuters: https://www.freedomunited.org/news/mexico-ends-all-funding-for-anti-trafficking-ngos/


Politically Correct Trafficking In Persons 2018 Report – Mexico

Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding


Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding. This particular report created by the U.S. State Department is by design meant to placate to the Country of Mexico. Everyone is trying to be politically correct. Mexico has been polluting the United States with its internal corruption,  which has lead to powerful drug cartels who import drugs and sex traffickers sending victims into the United States. I have read news articles stating its a hypocrisy to hold Mexico accountable for the illegal exportation of drugs by the cartels operating within their country. This rationale was based on the fact that the United States is unable to stop the narcotics from entering into our country. I would say that both countries have a shared responsibility for the illegal narcotics entering into the United States from Mexico. These drug cartels are jointly engaged in both drug and human trafficking. I wonder what the reaction would be if groups within the United States were illegally exporting drugs and human trafficking into the country of Mexico?

According to the UN Refugee Agency Trafficking In Persons 2018 Report published by the U.S. Department of State; the Mexican government demonstrated increasing efforts by prosecuting more traffickers than in the previous year; identifying and providing support to trafficking victims subjected to forced labor in Mexico and abroad; and launching a new national awareness-raising campaign. This 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report on Mexico isn’t worth the print space it occupies. How can the Mexican government talk out both sides of its mouth? Its a completely incongruous with the truth for the Mexican government to lay claim to wanting to stopping Sex Trafficking and unofficially tolerate the dealings taking place in the town of Tenancingo, which has been occurring since the 1950’s.

Trafficking In Persons 2018 Report – Mexico: https://www.refworld.org/docid/5b3e0ad318.html


Tenancingo: the Sex Trafficking Mecca

Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking FundingMexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding. Tenancingo has population of 11,000 residents and is home to 5 of 10 of the most wanted Sex Traffickers. The sex trafficking began there in the 1950’s. These sex traffickers are in collaboration with Mexico’s drug cartels. Years ago the traffickers use to resort to kidnapping and the use of force to acquire victims. The traffickers now travel around Mexico looking to deceive poor, uneducated and vulnerable women. The traffickers are families that sponsor religious festivals and operate with total impunity. The Sex Traffickers are revered by their fellow residents and young people look up to them. The Sex Traffickers live in spacious mansions and have accoutrements such as fancy expensive cars and trucks. In December 2012, the Mexico sent their Army to rescue police officers who were nearly executed for trying to arrest a someone related to a trafficker’s family.

Tenancingo: The Small Town At The Dark Heart of Mexico’s Sex-Slave Trade:




Mexico Cut NGO Anti Trafficking Funding

Accredited Course: Sex Trafficking Victim Identification and Response Training

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Racism as a social problem in health care

Racism as a social problem in health care

Racism as a social problem in health care is not always obvious. Sometimes the impact of racism be diffuse, but still a tangible factor in poor health. Bustle.com has an interesting article on how racism can contribute to chronic illness. It’s worth a read:

We know that racism can negatively impact many different areas of a person’s life — including physical health. A recent study in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology also shows that racist experiences increase Black peoples’ risk for chronic illness, including heart disease and cancer. The study illustrates how prolonged, repeated exposure to racism can increase levels of inflammation for Black people, which puts them at risk for a host of health problems.

You may be wondering exactly what “inflammation” means in this instance, and how it’s related to racism. Well, as the study points out, for living things — animals, bacteria, humans, etc. — to survive they must have the capability to respond to external sources of distress, including infections, injuries, and situational anxiety. When those threats appear, it sets off an immune system response that acts as a defense mechanism. The resulting chemical process of inflammation means that the immune system is trying to repair what has been damaged.

Inflammation can be good for us. But if a person’s immune system is threatened for a sustained period of time, that inflammation will negatively impact their health. Steve Cole, Professor of Medicine and Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, who co-authored the study, said in a press release that “If those genes remain active for an extended period of time, that can promote heart attacks, neurodegenerative diseases, and metastatic cancer.”

This is partly why Black people, who can experience or be exposed to countless instances of racism over the course of their lives, are at increased risk for serious health problems. Along with cancer, heart disease and stroke are among the leading causes of death for Black people.

read more at bustle.com

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Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable

Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable

 Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable  Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable. Most drug addicts, except for the few are unemployed, uninsured and on Medicaid.  Due to addicts not staying compliant and in recovery there is a lot discussion as to what treatment is the most effective. States with fewer social services will have less treatment options for the Medicaid patients. States with more social services will have a greater variety of treatment options.   People addicted to opiates such as heroin, which fondly known as “dope” can elect to go for Methadone Treatment, or be prescribed Suboxone, Subutex or agree to the monthly Vivitrol Intramuscular Injection. Others go to detox and to rehab. Many people continue to stay in recovery after successfully complete detox and rehab. In contrast, there is large population that run into serious problems once treatment is completed. A lot these people return to using opioids. There are a wide variety emotional, psychosocial, and psychiatric reasons why some return to the using heroin.

 Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable Vietnam War Veterans Overcome Addiction

During the Vietnam war many military personnel were addicted to drugs and especially heroin. The federal government fearing a multitude of drug addicted veterans would home with the addiction, mandated that a clean urine drug was necessary before getting on the plane to the United States. Those that failed the urine drug screen were kept in the country of Vietnam until they passed. This is significant because it was the first proof that people are able to stop the addiction without treatment. Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable. https://jamesclear.com/heroin-habits

 Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable


Methadone Treatment and Concurrent Heroin Use

Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable. If a person elects to start on Methadone, they come to the clinic to meet a Certified Alcohol & Drug Counselor (CADC) to discuss the program, their addiction and give a social history. Then the patient meets with the Clinic Doctor for a Health Assessment and Urine Drug Screen. The Clinic’s Methadone Starting Dose is 30 Milligrams. The Clinic Doctor increases the Methadone by 5 Milligrams daily from Monday through Friday. Over the weekend the dosage remains the same until Monday. The patients go to the Methadone Clinic for their Methadone dosage Monday through Saturday. The clinic is closed on Sunday, the patient given a take home bottle.

Patients report that the clinic CADCs, say that until the desired Methadone dosage is reached, they will experience cravings to use Opiates. It’s unofficially understood that the patient’s will continue using heroin while the methadone dosage is gradually increased. From a pharmacologic perspective, the medical logic would be that as the Methadone Dosage is increased, the patient would decrease their heroin usage. But a lot of the patients keep using their full compliment of heroin as they did prior to treatment. Heroin is a sneaky drug because it keeps binding and producing more receptors in the brain. Hence forth, there are always more receptors then there is Heroin which, explains why the habit increases. If addicts keep using the same amount of heroin as they did in pretreatment, then whatever is then the therapeutic effect of the Methadone will be delayed or not reached.

The same scenario of regression could play out with a noncompliant Insulin Dependent Diabetic Mellitus (IDDM) patients  who are not mindful to keep their blood glucose regulated with a proper diet and medication regimen. Some IDDM end up admitted to the hospital for very high blood glucose levels and Diabetic Keto Acidosis. Then after discharge continue to be noncompliant.


What Are The Options To Foster Compliance

Addicts Receiving Treatment Need To Be Accountable. Its hard to say what addiction treatment works the best. Quite possibly, its not a cookie cutter explanation. What works for one person might not be effective for another. Some people kick the habit on their own without treatment like the Vietnam War military personnel. Others have gone to tried every treatment option and none of these helped them stay in recovery. If a person has been unsuccessful to stay in recovery after repetitive drug treatment options, then should insurances keep footing the bill? Maybe the person was not really ready to quit and was cornered by family to seek treatment. Perhaps there should be a specified waiting period between future treatment options. The fact is people may go to treatment for addiction, fail to stay in recovery and continue to repeat the process. The drug treatment is a $35 billion dollar business. If the person doesn’t have private health insurance, then the costs is paid by taxpayers. It would be unethical to deny addicts treatment for addiction because its a disease. Its termed a disease because health insurances are billed by treatment providers. There must limits on the frequency and number of times a person may seek drug treatment. Unless these addicts are found to be mentally incompetent, then they need to be held accountable for their compliance to remain in recovery.



U.S. human trafficking prosecutions falling short

U.S. human trafficking prosecutions falling short

U.S. human trafficking prosecutions falling short. U.S. human trafficking prosecutions falling short. In the fight against human trafficking, it may come as a surprise that the U.S. is falling short in prosecutions.  That is, however the conclusion of the annual TIP (Trafficking In Persons) report on the issue:

WASHINGTON (BP) — The U.S. is among 33 top countries fighting human trafficking but falls short in prosecuting traffickers, aiding victims and tackling forced labor in particular, the U.S. State Department said in its latest report.

“Traffickers continue to operate with impunity and only a small fraction of victims receive trauma-informed, victim-centered support services,” said Richmond, ambassador-at-large to monitor and combat trafficking in persons. “Yet, by working together, governments, civil society organizations, survivor advocates, and faith communities can reverse this troubling pattern.”

The TIP report annually measures nearly 200 nations on their success in fighting human trafficking within their own borders, based on practices established in the latest versions of the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA), and the international 2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol). Most victims of human trafficking are victimized within their country of residence, the report said, although sex trafficking victims are transported internationally more often than labor victims.

read more at bpnews.net

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Human Trafficking on the Southern United States Border

Human Trafficking on the Southern United States Border

Human Trafficking on the Southern United States BorderHuman Trafficking on the Southern United States Border. Women and children who are being bought and sold for sex in Mexico are hidden from the overt obvious signs of sex trafficking. Sex trafficking involves force, fraud, and coercion. A child sex trafficking victim is not capable of giving consent. In some cases sex trafficking includes rape,  kidnapping or forcible sex, which lead to cause a death.

By far, the most common form of trafficking in our area is somebody being manipulated and wooed into being a victim of sex trafficking, for example. The whole border issue is in turmoil because there are parents separated from their parents trying to enter U.S. In the mix there are women and child victims of sex trafficking also in detention centers. Its one big unhealthy disorganized mess lacking humanity and dignity.

Human Trafficking, and Sex Trafficking is  occurring in Mexico and the Victims are being trafficked into the United States.

Human Trafficking on the Southern United States Border. Outrage swelled this past week over humanitarian conditions at the southern border, including over the separation of children from their parents or guardians. The Trump administration has repeatedly pointed to human trafficking, both as a reason for his proposal to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border and as a justification for separating children from the people they’re traveling with. Here’s President Trump on CBS News in February.

read more at npr.org

Human Trafficking on the Southern United States Border

Accredited Sex Trafficking Continued Nursing Education Course featuring a Panel of Experts:

  • Greg Bristol, retired FBI Special Agent
  • Jessica Peck DNP, RN, CPNP-PC, CNE, CNL, FAANP
  • K.D. Roche, Victim, Survivor & Advocate