1: FBI Uniform Crime Report (state level). HT stats began in 2013, and record city, county and state human trafficking cases.
2. US Department of State Trafficking in Persons Annual Report (focuses on federal level of open cases, prosecutions & convictions)
3. DOJ Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit. They don’t like to list stats, but list individual stories & press releases.
4. DOJ Bureau of Justice Assistance maintains a national database called the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS), which is managed by Northeastern University. HTRS tracks investigations of alleged human trafficking reported by federally funded human trafficking task forces. The data is not a public record. Most years probably only 20-25% of the task forces send in their data. I saw some years (2006-2010) where only 5 of 30 task forces sent in data.
5. DOJ Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) Training and Technical Assistance Center (TTAC) developed the Trafficking Information Management System (TIMS), which is designed to assist OVC Anti-Human Trafficking Program grantees in gathering, recording, analyzing, and reporting data. The data is not a public record.
6. HHS OTIP Interim Assistance Letters are issued to foreign children who may have been subjected to sex or labor trafficking, providing potential victims with a 90-day period of eligibility. That is a public record.
7. HHS OTIP Eligibility Letters are issued to foreign child trafficking victims upon receiving credible information that the child was subjected to human trafficking in the US as defined by TVPA. That is a public record.
8. HHS Certification Letters are issued after notification from DHS after DHS issues a possible victim of human trafficking Continued Presence (allows a foreign national to stay here for one year without a visa – as long as they cooperate with law enforcement. It is renewal three times. HHS wrote 446 Certification Letters in 2017, and 776 in 2016. From 2001 – 2017: 5,568.
- Source: HHS Doc. No. OTIP-FS-18-02
9. T-Visas are issued to foreign nationals who are certified as a human trafficking victims and they have helped law enforcement.
507 were issued in 2015.
10. Grants for Human Trafficking Case Management. HHS has created a network of service organizations available to assist foreign national victims of human trafficking. In FY 2016, three grants were issued:
- U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (HHS ACF Regions 1, 2,5,7-10.
- U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (HHS ACF Regions 3 and 6)
- Tapestri, Inc. (HHS ACF Region 4)
During FY 2016:
- the three grantees sub-awarded funds to 152 NGOs with the capacity to serve victims in 42 states
- 1,424 individuals received case management services (NGO sent bill to HHS)
- Source: FYI 2016 HHS Excerpts in the AG Annual Report on US Government Activities to Combat Trafficking
FY 2018 DOJ provided $31.2 million for 45 victim service providers (AKA NGOs) offering comprehensive and specialized services across the US. This was an increase from 18 providers in FY 2017 who received $16.2 million.
HERE IS THE BIG STAT SHOWING THE DISCONNECT FROM VICTIMS ID AND DOJ PROSECUTIONS
From July 2017 through June 2018, DOJ grantees provided victim services to 8,913 individuals.
- Source: State Department June 2019 TIP Report, Section United States, Sub Section Protection, paragraph 4.